Sealand is a micronation about six miles off the coast of England in North Sea. It’s a metal platform about the size of a football field, sitting atop two concrete pillars.
The platform was once a military fortress, built in 1943 to defend the United Kingdom against German aircrafts. It didn’t become a micronation until the birth of rock n’ roll.
In the 1960s, the British government wasn’t giving out enough broadcasting licenses to meet the demand for all the rock music that their youth was suddenly demanding. A bunch of DJs decided began setting up pirate radio stations on ships and abandoned British forts in the North Sea. From there they would broadcast rock music back to mainland England.
One such pirate radio DJ was Roy Bates. The British government kept hitting Bates with huge fines. So in 1967, Bates developed a bigger plan for his platform than a radio station: Roy Bates wanted to start his own country.
Roy thought this platform was uniquely suited for independence. It was six miles off the coast of England, and at the time, England’s territorial waters only reached three miles off shore. The law has since been changed and now England’s territorial boundaries extend twelve miles offshore.